Hydroponics is an easy way of getting into gardening, especially if you live in the city. This method of growing plants does not need soil. There are different types of hydroponic systems; there is a type that uses a nutrient solution, another with sterile soil substitutes, and one which seals plants in containers with nutrient-rich aerosols.

Getting plants to flourish in this system is easier than if you use soil. Since your plants do not need to look for the nutrients on their own, all their energy is spent growing big and tall. However, this does not mean that hydroponics is an instant fix. You need to get the basics down and remember these tips for making an indoor garden.

Gather information and materials you need

Because there are different methods of growing, you must do your research first. Make sure you’ve considered your space, the materials available in your area, and the kind of maintenance you are prepared to do. 

Collect your hydroponic tools and nutrients, and make the necessary adjustments to your living space before setting up your system. You don’t want to run out of a material in the middle of your preparations! Make sure it won’t be difficult to change the water and give your plants room to grow and for transplanting.

Prioritise your plants’ lighting

Your system will need some grow lights. These are easy to purchase; there are LED, HID, and halogen variants. They should be placed close enough to the light so that they aid in growth, but not too close that your plants are in danger of wilting or getting singed. 

Watch out for light deficient plants; there are ones that are in the corner, are behind other plants, or are in the shade of more robust growth. Make sure they get enough light as well.

Change the water regularly

The entire system depends upon water, so you should change it regularly. Find the right balance for it as well. Not enough changes can lead to diseases and chemical burns while overdoing it stresses out the plants and causes pH level and nutrient fluctuations. 

You can achieve balance by logging the amount of water you use. When your water reaches half of the amount of your reservoir’s capacity, you need to change it. If you notice that your water is lower but not yet at the halfway mark, note the amount and top it up with treated water. 

Monitor your plants’ nutrients

When you are aware of the normal levels of pH or nutrients in your system, you can catch problems before they make a large impact on the plants. Water quality issues can also be detected when you regularly test and monitor. Gardeners usually monitor their plant’s nutrient levels through the EC or electrical conductivity of the water. EC testing checks the fluctuations of the salt levels in the water. The increase or decrease of salt is related to the nutrient concentration in the system.

Know which nutrient solution to use

Plants grow differently, and you must be aware of the different mixes that work with different types. You cannot use soil-based fertilizers to help your plants grow. Instead, use hydroponic nutrients and fertilizers are liquid concentrates or granules that are specifically made for this type of gardening.


You can still grow a green space at home even if you don’t have a backyard. Hydroponics helps people make gardens in their apartments or their walk-up homes and can be set up using items readily available in the city. Exercise your green thumb and grow some plants with this method!

Urban Garden is your go-to for hydroponics systems, equipment, and more. We have been in business since 2004, and we have built a reputation for being one of the best sources for indoor gardening in Yorkshire. Get in touch with us today to learn more!